What is the difference between hades, grave and hell?

What is the difference between grave, hades and hell?

What is the difference between grave, hades and hell? Are there people in hell and heaven yet or are they waiting for the second coming of Christ? What is the meaning of death in Revelation 20: 11-15? What is the difference between hell and the lake of fire?

The thief’s death on the cross

When Jesus hung on the cross, He spoke the words: “Today you will be with Me in paradise,” to one of the thieves (Luke 23:43). This indicates that right after the thief’s death, he would go to heaven, because he trusted Jesus for his salvation. Another indication for immediate departure to either heaven or hell, is Luke 16: 19-31. Jesus tells the story of the rich man and poor Lazarus here; it is not entirely clear whether this is a parable or not, but it is hard to believe that even if it were a parable, Jesus would describe a situation that is totally false. The rich man dies and wakes up in hades, or hell. Lazarus is carried to the bosom of Abraham right after his death.

Passage from revelation

The passage from Revelation 20:11-15 talks about death and hades, or hell. Death here means the last enemy that will be destroyed when Christ returns and raises believers. This refers to physical death. Death and hades will both be thrown into the lake of fire, which is also called the second death. Second death refers to spiritual death. All people who are not reconciled with God through Jesus Christ, will be thrown into the lake of fire (vs 15). This passage teaches that Hades is temporary and will exist until Jesus returns. After the great judgment when the books are opened (vs 12) hades and death are both swallowed by the lake of fire along with all whose names are not in the book of life; but those whose names are written in it, will enjoy the new heaven and earth (Revelation 21).

Places that exist

So both heaven and hell are places that exist until Jesus returns. Those who die in Christ, exist in heaven as spirits (Hebrews 12:23) but at Jesus’ return, will receive a new, resurrection body that will not be subject to illness or death (Revelation 21:4).

The reality of hell and the lake of fire is terrible. A person without Christ is utterly lost in death and darkness. God does not want people to end this way. He sent his one and only Son to reconcile sinners to Himself: ‘For our sake he made him (Jesus) to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God’ (2 Corinthians 5: 21). Paul wrote to the believers of Corinthe that God implores people to get reconciled: ‘We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.’(2 Corinthians 5:20). Just like Paul was an ambassador for Christ, so believers nowadays are ambassadors for Christ who have the task to point people to Christ and to reconciliation that is found only in Him.

How does this Bible passage speak to you? Please share your thoughts below!

Also read Is eternal punishment in hell fair?

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Esther Visser

Esther Visser

Esther Visser (1972) was raised in Waddinxveen. She did a 2-year masters degree at Tyndale Theological Seminary in Badhoevedorp, to prepare for the mission field. In 2000 her husband and she were sent to Thailand as church planters, in cooperation with OMF and GZB. They lived and worked there for 15 years, together with their two children. At this time Esther is editor-in-chief for De Waarheidsvriend, the house magazine of the Gereformeerde Bond. She is also active in church life, as a youth worker, and as an artist.

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